How to make a volcano?

This article provides tutorials to learn how to create a volcano out of paper maché or dough, and even in Minecraft. There's also a video that explains the phenomenon of underwater volcanoes.

To simply and visually explain a volcanic eruption to kids, you'll just need to make your own volcano and dig a crater filled with various products such as baking soda, washing-up liquid, vinegar, food colouring. The volcano itself can be made out of paper maché or dough. In the last video, you'll se how to build a volcano in Minecraft.


  • Make sure to step back after you've added de reactive product (baking soda or vinegar).

How To Make A Volcano – Easy Kids Science Experiments

Tools and ingredients:

  • Large bowl
  • Fork or a spoon (to stir)
  • Small plastic cup
  • Tray
  • 3 Cups flour
  • 1 Cup water
  • 1 Cup salt
  • 2 Tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 2 Tablespoons baking soda
  • 1 Ounce vinegar
  • Few drops of food colouring
  • Dish soap

Key steps:

  1. Pour the flour into a bowl.
  2. Add the salt, the water and the oil.
  3. Stir until you get a dough.
  4. Place the dough on a tray and shape it as a volcano.
  5. Put the small plastic cup into the top of the volcano.
  6. Pour the baking soda into the crater.
  7. Add the dish soap and the food colouring.
  8. To make the eruption, quickly pour the vinegar into the crater.

Paper mache smocking & foaming volcano

Tools and ingredients:

  • Large bowl
  • Plastic bottles (a small one and a big one)
  • Paper
  • Cardboard
  • Tape
  • Pencil
  • Scissors
  • Ping-pong ball
  • Tin foil
  • ½ Cup water
  • Wall paper paste
  • Pen
  • Lighter
  • Newspaper
  • Paints (browns and greens, yellow, red, orange)
  • Varnish
  • Bicarbonate of soda
  • Dish soap
  • Food colouring
  • Vinegar

Key steps:

  1. Cut the big bottle in half and remove the top.
  2. Place what's left of the big bottle on the small one.
  3. Fill the gaps with tape.
  4. Use cardboard to make a base.
  5. Cut a hole to fit the small bottle.
  6. Secure the big bottle with tape.
  7. Pour wall paper paste in a bowl and add water.
  8. Dip small newspaper balls into the paste.
  9. Place them around the big bottle to form a mountain.
  10. Allow to dry (it might take a couple of days).
  11. Paint the volcano and the lava.
  12. Allow to dry and finish with varnish.

To make the volcano smoke (parental assistance required):

  1. Wrap the ping-pong ball with foil.
  2. Use a pen to form a small pipe at the top.
  3. Light a fire at the bottom of the ball and place it into the crater of the volcano.

To make an eruption (parental assistance required):

  1. Pour the baking soda into the crater.
  2. Add the dish soap then the food colouring.
  3. Pour the vinegar into the crater.

Make an Underwater Volcano and Learn About Convection

Tools and ingredients:

  • Aluminium foil
  • Food colouring
  • Small glass of hot water
  • Large glass of cold water
  • Pencil

Key steps:

  1. Mix a few drops of food colouring with the hot water.
  2. Cover the small hot water glass with foil.
  3. Make a small hole in the foil.
  4. Place the small glass into the large one.

Minecraft XBOX 360 – How To Build An Erupting Volcano

Key steps:

  1. Find a mountain.
  2. Give it the shape you want.
  3. Cut a 6 blocks deep crater in the top.
  4. Pick one spot that's going to be easy to wire out of the crater.
  5. Place a repeater.
  6. Dig a tunnel.
  7. Cover the bottom of the volcano with TNT.
  8. Put a gravel layer.
  9. Create a wall to hold the lava in.
  10. Wire a switch and place a button.

This article to learn how to make a volcano was written by Cécile Lessard

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