How to install a sliding door?

Decorative and convenient, sliding doors enable space optimization. Whether it's glass, wood, aluminium or PVC, the door slides on a track fixed on the ground or suspended, mounted on a frame or with full access sliding (integrated into the wall).

To install sliding doors for a closet, a shower or to separate rooms, you will be able to choose between to mounting techniques.

  • With sliding doors mounted on a frame, the door is visible and slides along the wall. Thermal and acoustic isolation properties are usually lower. DIY stores offer simple and functional installation kits at very affordable prices. But check the quality of the rail and the casters.
  • With a sliding system integrated into the wall, the door disappears into a specific frame that is concealed in the partition. This complex configuration is far more expensive and requires a very precise setting up. The space saving is optimal since the wall stays clear.

Practical tips:

  • Make sure that the wall surface is flat and smooth and that the space required for the sliding system is enough.
  • Choose the frame according to the thickness of the wall.
  • Check that everything is plumb before tightening the fixings.
  • Beware of electrical installations when drilling.
  • Speed humps can be fixed on the rail to prevent doors from slamming.

How to Install a Sliding Glass Door – This Old House

Tools and materials:

  • Reciprocating saw
  • 12-pound Sledgehammer
  • Foot level
  • Hammer drill fitted with masonry bit
  • Drill/driver
  • Square shovel
  • Mixing tub
  • Caulk gun
  • Pointed trowel
  • Flat trowel
  • Hammer stapler
  • Utility knife
  • Measuring tape
  • Sliding glass door with solid-vinyl doorjamb
  • Pressure-treated 2x4s
  • 2x4s
  • ?-inch-thick Exterior-grade plywood
  • 5-pound Builders paper
  • Quick-setting cement
  • Water
  • Minimal-expanding foam
  • Silicone sealant
  • Masonry screws
  • Nails
  • Staples
  • Screws
  • Wood shims
  • Wood shingles
  • Shingle nails

Key steps:

  1. Remove the window and the door.
  2. Clean the wall area and adjust for the new frame.
  3. Position the 2x4 that will be used as a form to hold the cement.
  4. Fill the join between the 2x4 and the ground with silicone sealant.
  5. Prepare the quick-setting cement.
  6. Fill the cavity between the cement and the 2x4 with concrete.
  7. If necessary, fill the gap between the sliding doors length and the actual size of the opening.
  8. Install the doorjamb.
  9. Secure the doorjamb to the opening.
  10. Install the door active panel in the back.
  11. Then place the door stationary panel in the front and fix it.
  12. Fill the space between the doorjamb and the sides of the opening with minimal-expanding foam.

Sliding Doors Installation Video

Tools and materials:

  • Measuring tape
  • Electric drill
  • Top and bottom tracks
  • Screws

Key steps:

  1. Measure the width at different places and keep the largest horizontal measurement.
  2. Repeat for the height, keeping the smallest measurement.
  3. Install the top track.
  4. Install the bottom track with a 25mm gap from the front of the top rack.
  5. Insert the doors.
  6. Adjust the doors if necessary.

How to Install a Sliding Screen Door

Tools and materials:

  • Utility knife
  • Flat head screwdriver
  • Philips head screwdriver
  • Drill
  • Drill bits
  • Pencil
  • Measuring tape

Key steps:

  1. On the screen track, mark the spots where you're going to pre-drill the screw holes.
  2. Centre the track on the head jamb and pre-drill screw holes on the marks.
  3. Insert the screws in the pre-drilled holes.
  4. Take the smaller, inactive panel and snap the guides in the cavities next to the rollers on the top.
  5. Insert the top of the door into the inner track on the head jamb.
  6. Insert the bottom of the door into the corresponding inner track.
  7. Repeat for the larger active screen door on the outer track.
  8. Fasten the inactive screen into the jamb.
  9. Adjust the rollers on the screen door using the adjustment screws.
  10. Trim the bug flap on the top edge of the active door.
  11. Fix the latch.

DIY Sliding Door Ideas

If you're thinking about installing sliding doors, take a look at this video. It shows various styles of sliding doors, along with all the ways they can be used for. The tips and recommendations are very helpful.

This article to learn how to install a sliding door was written by Cécile Lessard

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Logan commentaire ajouté le 01/13/2016 à 15h42

I think you hit it spot on when you said, "Decorative and convenient, sliding doors enable space optimization." Those are the exact reasons we want a sliding patio door installed in our home. It will add a nice touch to our main room and be really convenient in the summer when we have BBQs. I've thought about doing it myself, but I think it'll be better if we have someone come and do it for us. That way it'll save me the time and it's more likely it will be done correctly the first time if I'm not the one doing the installation. Just being honest here. Thanks for the helpful info!

Alex commentaire ajouté le 10/26/2015 à 13h40

Thanks for the help. I am trying to install some aluminum sliding doors, but am not sure I am properly equipped. I did not think through all of the key steps that you mentioned. I'll have to try again with this as a guide.

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